Intentions to buy homes

The proportion of households that definitely or possibly intend to buy a dwelling within a year.

Open vacancies

The client register of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment includes open vacancies registered by employers with the Employment and Economic Development Office (TE Services). Cross-section of the last working day of the month.

Advance information

The information on the regional economy, housing market, crime, overnight stays and population is advance information that will be revised for the final statistics. For example, population information will be updated based on notifications of move.

Helsinki region

The Helsinki region consists of the municipalities of the Helsinki Metropolitan Area – Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa and Kauniainen – and the KUUMA municipalities of Hyvinkää, Järvenpää, Kerava, Kirkkonummi, Nurmijärvi, Sipoo, Tuusula, Vihti, Mäntsälä and Pornainen.

Air quality

Based on an index developed by HSY that is calculated hourly. The concentrations of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, thoracic particles and fine particles are taken into account and sub-indices are calculated for them. The highest of these values determines the air quality index at the measuring station. The index values are divided into five air quality classes from good to very poor.

Public transport passengers

Passengers in internal bus, metro and tram traffic in Helsinki, Espoo, Kauniainen and Vantaa as well as the passengers of the Suomenlinna ferry. Does not include regional bus lines or commuter trains.

Child home care allowance

A parent or other guardian whose under 3-year-old child is not in municipal day care may apply for home care allowance. Care for the child can be provided by one of the parents, another caregiver, such as a relative, or a private day care provider. The allowance includes a care allowance that is the same for all recipients, a care supplement, which is affected by the family’s total income, and a possible municipal supplement that depends on the home municipality.

Intermunicipal migration

Migration between municipalities includes moves from one municipality to another that have been registered in the Population Information System.


Percentage of deceased in the population.

KUUMA municipalities

Refers to the ten municipalities in Central Uusimaa: Hyvinkää, Järvenpää, Kerava, Kirkkonummi, Mäntsälä, Nurmijärvi, Pornainen, Sipoo, Tuusula and Vihti.

Airline and ship passengers

The total number of departing and arriving passengers. The number of airline passengers also includes transfer passengers.

Moving annual total

A periodic balancing method that balances variation of a repeating nature within a year. The value for a quarter is calculated by adding up the values of the four latest quarters and dividing this sum by four.

Natural movement of population

The difference between birth and death.

Overnight stays

Overnight stays in all registered accommodation businesses (hotels, hostels, guest homes, youth hostels, holiday villages and camping sites) with a minimum of 20 beds or recreational vehicle parking spaces with electrical outlets. Overnight stays are divided into domestic and international overnight stays on the basis of the guest’s domicile.

Migration loss

Negative difference between immigration and emigration.

Migration gain

Positive difference between immigration and emigration.

Net migration

Difference between immigration and emigration.

Property crimes

Includes thefts, aggravated thefts and petty thefts and reports of these. Crime nomenclature in more detail

Long-term average

The values of the quarters of a certain period of time are added up and this sum is then divided by the number of quarters.

Crime known to the police

A case recorded as a crime in the police information system. The statistics cover only crimes that are subject to an offence report, request for a penal order or petty fine. The majority of crimes remains hidden, in other words, they are not known or reported. The number of crimes included in the statistics is affected, for example, by changes in supervision and legislation and the willingness of citizens to report crimes to the police.

Helsinki Metropolitan Area

The Helsinki Metropolitan Area includes the cities of Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa and Kauniainen.

Balance figure

The balance figure describes expectations in business and consumer surveys. Balance figures are obtained by deducting the percentage of negative answers from the percentage of positive answers. A positive balance figure denotes optimistic expectations.

Ratio (index)

The value of the base period as a ratio is 100. The value of the current point in time is divided by the value of the base year (and multiplied by 100). The resulting ratio expresses the percentage change from the base year (for example, 110 indicates a 10% increase from the base year).

Social assistance

Social assistance is the last resort financial support in social welfare, the purpose of which is to ensure the livelihood of individuals and families and to promote their ability to cope independently. The amount of social assistance is determined by the client’s essential expenses. Kela took over the granting and payment of basic social assistance from the municipalities at the beginning of 2017.


Describes the productive activity of companies and other organisations in the area.

  1. Helsinki region: An anticipatory graph of production in the Helsinki region, constructed based on the indicators by field of industry. The most recent information presented in the review is based on the preliminary estimates for the indicators.
    Source: Kaupunkitutkimus TA Oy.
  2. Finland: The gross national product in the quarterly national accounts with fixed prices, by Statistics Finland. The most recent quarter is advance information on the total production published.

Employment rate

Percentage of employed people aged 15 to 64 within the population of the same age.

Client register

The statistics produced by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment (MEE) that is based on a job applicant register. A job applicant who is not in an employment relationship or not in full-time employment in business or in their own work in the manner referred to in Chapter 2 of the Act on Unemployment Security, and who is not a full-time student referred to in Chapter 2 of the Act on Unemployment Security, is considered to be unemployed. A person in an employment relationship is considered unemployed if they are fully laid off or if their regular weekly working hours are fewer than four. Full-time school pupils and students are not considered unemployed even during holidays. More information

Unemployment rate / Proportion of unemployed in the labour force

The official unemployment rate (= proportion of unemployed in the labour force) is calculated on the basis of data in Statistics Finland’s Labour Force Survey. It is internationally comparable.

At the municipal level, the proportion of unemployed in the labour force is calculated from register-based data sources. The number of unemployed persons is based on the client register of the MEE at the end of each month, and it is derived from Statistics Finland’s latest data on employment statistics, which is published with a delay of about two years. More information

Labour Force Survey

The Labour Force Survey compiles statistical data on the participation in employment, employment and unemployment of the population aged 15 to 89 and on the activities of persons outside the labour force. The data of the Labour Force Survey is based on a random sample taken from Statistics Finland’s population database twice a year. The monthly sample consists of approximately 12,500 people, and the data is collected with computer-assisted telephone interviews and an online form. The data provided by the respondents is used to create an overview of the activities of the whole population aged 15–89. More information

The Labour Force Survey reform that entered into force at the beginning of 2021 significantly changed the data content of the statistics, the way the results are calculated and the collection of data. For this reason, the old and new statistics are not comparable. In Helsinki Region Trends, the data from previous years is calculated retrospectively with the new method, which makes it comparable with the 2021 data.

Net migration of foreign nationals

Migration includes the immigration of foreign nationals both from abroad and the migration from elsewhere in Finland. Permanent residence of a foreign national in Finland requires that the person has met the necessary conditions for residence for at least one year (EU citizens) and that they have a permit for a residence of one year or that their right of residence has been extended. Permanent migration does not include, for example, diplomats or those working in development cooperation.The Helsinki region has more migration gain from foreign nationals than from abroad.

Foreign net migration

Migration includes the immigration of both Finnish and foreign nationals. Foreign immigrants must register with the Local Register Office if they have stayed in Finland for more than three months or intend to stay in the country continuously for more than one year. Permanent residence of a foreign national in Finland requires that the person has met the necessary conditions for residence for at least one year (EU citizens) and that they have a permit for a residence of one year or that their right of residence has been extended. Permanent migration does not include, for example, diplomats or those working in development cooperation.

Violent crimes

Crimes against life and health and sexual crimes. As of 2009, includes not only offences but also reports of offences. Crime nomenclature in more detail

General housing allowance

Low income households can receive general housing allowance from Kela in order to reduce their housing expenditure. A household is made up of people living in the same dwelling, and the housing allowance is granted to the entire household.