Concepts

Air quality index

Index created by Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority HSY. The index is calculated for each monitoring station by the hour and it covers the following pollutants: sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, thoracic particles, fine particles, carbon monoxide and ozone. The index of the monitoring station is the highest measured pollutant-specific index. Index values are divided into five classes, from good to very poor. 

Airline and ship passengers

  1. Airline passengers:  arriving, departing and transferring passengers at Helsinki-Vantaa Airport. 
  2. Ship passengers:  arriving and departing international passengers in the ports of Helsinki. 

Balance figure

The balance figure decribes the state of future expectations in business tendency and consumer surveys. The balance figures are obtained by deducting the weighted proportion of negative answers from that of positive answers. The balance figures and the confidence indicator can range between -100 and 100. A positive balance figure denotes an optimistic and a negative balance figure a pessimistic view on the economy.

Child home care allowance

Child home care allowance can be granted when a child under 3 years of age is looked after at home and is not in municipal day care. The caregiver can be a parent or other guardian, their spouse or a hired caregiver or other person who looks after the child. Child home care allowance includes care allowance, care supplement affected by the family's total income and possible municipal supplement. 

Crimes (offences known to the police)

Matters entered into the police information system as an offence.Violent crimes: crimes against life and health or sexual crimes. Property crimes: thefts, aggravated thefts or petty thefts. Drug offences: narcotics offences, aggravated narcotics offences, unlawful use of narcotics, preparation of a narcotics offence and abetting a narcotics offence.

Employment service statistics

The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment compiles statistics on the clients of the Employment and economic development offices (TE offices): job-seekers registered at the TE offices, vacancies reported by employers and also labour market policy services which aim to advance the employment of the job-seekers.

Excess of births

The excess of births, that is, the natural population increase, refers to the difference between livebirths and deaths.

Foreign migration

Includes immigration and emigration of both Finnish and foreign nationals. Persons who have moved to Finland and who intend to reside in Finland for more than twelve months or have resided in Finland over three months without interruption must notify the register office of their move. Foreign nationals who intend to live permanently in Finland must have fulfilled during a year the preconditions of residence (EU nationals) and have a valid residence permit for longer time than one year. Diplomats and those involved in development co-operation etc. are not included in permanent resident population.

Foreign nationals’ migration

Includes migration of foreign nationals from abroad and other parts of Finland. Foreign nationals who intend to live permanently in Finland must have fulfilled during a year the preconditions of residence (EU nationals) and have a valid residence permit for longer time than one year. Diplomats and those involved in development co-operation etc. are not included in permanent resident population. The Helsinki region has substantially more migration gain from foreign nationals than from abroad. 

General housing allowance

Low-income households are eligible for general housing allowance to help with their housing costs. A household includes everyone sharing living quarters, and the housing allowance is granted to the household collectively.

Intentions to buy a home

The ratio of those households reporting surely or rather surely buying a dwelling within the next 12 months to all the households in the region. 

Labour Force Survey

The survey follows the recommendations of the International Labour Organisation and the practices required by the Statistical Office of the European Communities. A person is classified as unemployed if he or she is aged 15 or over, does not have a job, has activitely sought employment in the past four weeks and would be available for work within two weeks. 

Long-term average

Calculated by summing up the quarterly values and dividing the sum by the number of quarters.

Net migration

Net migration is the difference between in-migration/immigration and out-migration/emigration.

Overnight stays by tourists

Nights spent in registered accommodation establishments, hotels, motels, hostels, youth hostels, holiday villages and camping sites with with at least 20 bed places or caravan pitches with electrical connection points.

Production

Describes the productive activity of companies and other organisations in the area.

  1. Helsingin Region: An anticipatory graph of the production in the Helsinki Region, constructed based on the indicators by field of industry anticipating the development of production. The most recent information presented in the review is based on preliminary estimates for the indicators.
  2. Finland: The gross national product in the quarterly national accounts with fixed prices by Statistics Finland. The most recent quarter is advance information on the total production published by Statistical Finland.

Sliding annual sum

A method of eliminating the seasonal variation during a year. Calculated by dividing the sum of the four latest quarterly values and dividing the sum by 4.

Social assistance

Basic social assistance is a last-resort form of financial assistance for individuals and families that covers the basic necessities of life, such as food, clothing and health care as well as reasonable housing costs.

Unemployment rate

The unemployment rate is the ratio of the unemployed to the active population (labour force) of the same age, i.e. employed and unemployed persons. 

The unemployment figures of the Labour Force Survey and the Labour Service Statistics differ because of the different methods used in the collection systems.